Pune, formerly known as Punavadi and Poona is located in the western Indian state of Maharashtra. It is also called as the “Queen of the Deccan,” and is the cultural capital of Marathi people.
Located in the Sahayadri Hills, near the west coast of India, Pune is a fascinating city with a salubrious climate throughout the year. Pune is one of the biggest industrial towns of Maharashtra state and known as “automobile city” because big auto companies are located here.
In Pune, the past meets the present. It is one of those rare cities with a twin image: that of a tradition-bound place generally considered the quintessence of Maharashtrian culture — and that of a modern industrial metropolis. Pune today straddles both banks of the Mula and Mutha rivers (tributaries of the larger Bhima River). The confluence (sangam) of these in the heart of the city forms a spectacular scenic landmark. The oldest extant structure in the city is the rock-cut temple of Pataleshwar.
It is now a fast growing city and is also an important educational centre of the western India. The famous institutes like Pune University, Film and Television Institute of India, National Defense Academy, Armed Force Medical College and College of Military Engineering are located here. It is the largest centre for Japanese learning in India. The Deccan College and Fergusson College are amongst the most reputed colleges of the country.
Pune is also a prime tourist destination of the state. The city has historical monuments, museums and more famous are its hill stations. Tourists from all over the world visit the city to share rare moments filled with anxiety and curiosity.
LocationPune city is located near the western margin of the Deccan Plateau. It lies between 18 degrees 32 minutes North latitude and 73 degrees 51 minutes East longitude. It has an altitude of 559 metres from the sea level. The city stands at the confluence of Mula and Mutha rivers, which are tributaries of the Bhima.
The Sinhagad-Katraj-Dive Ghats range forms the Southern Boundary of the urban area. The highest point in the city is Vetal Hill (800 m or 2625 ft above sea level) whereas the highest point just outside the city is the Sinhagad Fort (1300 m or 4265 ft above sea level). The city is surrounded by hills from three sides which make the geographical condition more pleasant. It is located 160 km east of Mumbai.
HistoryPune is inextricably linked to the life of the great Maratha king, Chhatrapati Shivaji. The era of Pune's fame began when Chhatrapati Shivaji came to stay here with his mother Jijabai in 1635-36. Shivaji and his mother lived in a mansion known as "Lal Mahal," a replica of which still can be visited at its original location in the city. The Maratha power came to an end in 1818, when the British led by Mount Stuart Elphinstone defeated them and established the British Raj in this region.
During the freedom struggle of India, Pune was an important centre for social and religious reform movements that were sweeping the country. It was the home to some reformers who were stalwarts of the national movement, such as Mahadev Govind Ranade, R.G Bhandarkar and Mahatma Jyotirao Phule. The presence of Bal Gangadhar Tilak dominated the political scene for three decades during that period. Now Pune has become one of the most Developing and Enjoyable cities of India
About PunePune is known to have existed as a town since 937 AD. Shivaji, the founder of the Maratha Empire, lived in Pune as a boy, and later oversaw significant growth and development of the town during his reign. In 1730, Pune became an important political centre as the seat of the Peshwa, the prime minister of the Chhatrapati of Satara. After the town was annexed to British India in 1817, it served as a cantonment town and as the "monsoon capital" of the Bombay Presidency until the independence of India.
Today, Pune is known for its educational facilities, having more than a hundred educational institutes and nine universities. Pune has well-established manufacturing, glass, sugar and forging industries since 1950-60s. Pune also has a growing industrial hinterland, with many information technology and automotive companies setting up factories in Pune district. Additionally, Pune is known for various cultural activities like Classical Music, Sports, Literature, Foreign language learning and Administrative, Economics, Social Science studies. These activities and job opportunities attract migrants and students from all over India, and also attract students from Middle-East, Iran, Eastern Europe, South-East Asia which makes for a city of many communities and cultures.
ClimatePune has a tropical wet and dry climate with average temperatures ranging between 20 °C to 28 °C.
Pune experiences three distinct seasons: summer, monsoon and winter. Typical summer months are from March to May, with maximum temperatures ranging from 30 to 38 °C (86 to 100 °F). The warmest month in Pune is April; although summer doesn't end until May, the city often receives heavy thundershowers in May (although humidity remains high). Even during the hottest months, the nights are usually cool due to Pune's high altitude. The highest temperature ever recorded was 43.3 °C (109.9 °F) on April 30, 1897.
The monsoon lasts from June to October, with moderate rainfall and temperatures ranging from 10 to 28 °C (50 to 82 °F). Most of the 722 mm of annual rainfall in the city fall between June and September, and July is the wettest month of the year. Pune once received rainfall on 29 consecutive days Winter begins in November; November in particular is referred to as the Rosy Cold (literal translation) .The daytime temperature hovers around 28 °C (82 °F) while night temperature is below 10 °C (50 °F) for most of December and January, often dropping to 5 to 6 °C (41 to 43 °F). The lowest temperature ever recorded was 1.7 °C on January 17, 1935.